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Institutional arrangements and policy environment for managing climatic risk for crop production and post-harvest handling in climate disaster prone areas - Synthesis Report
30 April 2016


Summary

The report presents a synthesis of national studies from Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe to determine the institutional arrangements and policy environment for managing climatic risk for crop productions and post-harvest handling in areas prone to climate disaster.

The methodology followed by national consultants started with a review of literature to gather information on climatic risks, crop production, post-harvest handling, policies and institutions at regional and national level. National consultants also identified key informants who were consulted for additional information. The key informants represented institutions that were relevant to crop production and post-harvest handling. Draft reports were presented to stakeholders for validation.

The key regional policies that have implications for climatic risk to crop production and post-harvest handling are the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), the SADC Initiative for Drought Crisis Mitigation, the 2004 Dar-es-Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in the SADC Region, the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy, the SADC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the SADC Water Policy of 2007. Key regional institutional frameworks for managing climatic risks for crop production and post-harvest handling include the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA), the Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Resources and Development for Southern Africa (CCARDESA), the Regional Early Warning Centre (REWC), the SADC Climate Services Centre, the SADC Regional Remote Sensing Unit (RRSU), African Monitoring of the Environment for SADC Food Security Program Sustainable Development (AMESD), and the Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis Program (RVAA). Most of the policies address the issue of crop production and marketing, and do not address the issue of post-harvest handling, yet it was noted that as much as 20% of agricultural products are lost owing to problems associate with post-harvest handling. CAADP is one regional policy that explicitly addresses the issue of post-harvest handling in its pillar 3. Some policies are general in nature and lack implementation strategies.

There is no platform where institutions can share information and lessons on their activities. The institutions often do not coordinate their operations even when they are doing identical or complementary activities.

The challenges for uptake of research findings include the lack of stakeholder engagements in the research process, lack of cost-benefit analysis for technology adoption, lack of political buy-in to research findings, lack of capacity to adopt and adapt as defined by the resource base and lack of formulation or appreciation of local indigenous knowledge.

One of the recommendations from the study is that SADC member countries should develop climate risk management policies that include early warning, climate adaptation, mitigation, climate-smart agriculture and post-harvest issues. National governments should also facilitate formation of interest groups and social groups for provision of collective action and to make sure that the voices of all stakeholders are heard during formulation of national policies.


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