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A comprehensive scoping and assessment study of climate smart agriculture policies in Botswana
Report
30 April 2014
Nnyaladzi Batisani (PHD)


The overall objective of the study was to conduct a comprehensive scoping and assessment of climate smart agriculture and allied sector policies in Botswana. To achieve this goal, literature review on climate smart agriculture and placing it within the continent and the country's context was performed. This review was then followed by a screening process, which consisted of a desktop analysis aimed at identifying the potential contribution of national agricultural and allied sectors policy instruments to adaptation and mitigation and the potential to align these policies with climate smart agriculture. The screening also aimed at assessing the extent to which policy instruments are consistent with, take account of and / or would potentially contribute to adaptation to slow onset climate change and extreme events due to climate change. Agriculture contributes 24% of the country's green house gas emissions, hence the need for climate smart agriculture to reduce the sector's carbon foot print without compromising food security. Although the country is a signatory to various international treaties on climate change, currently there are no national policies that explicitly address climate change and subsequently climate smart agriculture. Nevertheless, as agricultural policies were developed with sustainable production and social equity as their bases they are invariably climate smart agriculture savvy although not explicitly. Therefore, offering a firm foundation for climate smart agriculture in the country. Farm level techniques such as irrigation, crop varieties, minimum tillage, improvement of livestock management already exist or practiced highlighting the potential for fast tracking climate smart agriculture initiatives. Nevertheless, an assessment of the causes of low adoption and also lack of impact on food security attainment in the country of past agricultural policies is a crucial aspect of the implementation of climate smart agriculture in the country.


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