Agricultural trade is faced with non-tariff barriers of which sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures may be the most constraining to developing and least developed countries (LDCs) in their endeavors to exploit trade opportunities. Therefore a country’s ability to access new markets and to ensure safe agricultural imports into its territory largely rests on its national phytosanitary capacities. For developing and LDCs with inadequate phytosanitary capacity, protecting plants and the environment as well as representing their interests and concerns in international standard-setting organizations (ISSO) and meeting their international obligations (WTO, 1994; IPPC, 2011) is a major challenge(WTO, 1994; IPPC, 2011).
Seed security is a precursor to food security because availability of high quality seed sets the limits to crop production and productivity. Good quality seed is not readily available to SADC region farmers thereby undermining their capacity to sustain household, national and regional food security.