The phytosanitary capacities in the pilot countries are at various stages of improvements. There was a direct relationship with the numbers of personnel available to the National Plant Protection Organization and the clear roles provided by the functions of the NPPO. There is a knowledge gap in most of the countries in terms of the staff that have been in the service longer as compared to those who have just begun their careers.
Staff capabilities in pest identification with reference to taxonomy seem to be nonexistent and there is clear absence of new scientific information flow to the new entrants. The few remaining specialists may be required to capacitate staff in other member countries in the region so that the precious knowledge is fully shared.