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The Politics of Biofuels, Land and Agrarian Change
The Journal of Peasant Studies, vol. 37, no. 4 (Special Issue)
28 September 2010

Acknowledgements: FANRPAN acknowledges Informaworld as the source of this information


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The Journal of Peasant Studies special issue addresses key questions on biofuels within agrarian political economy, political sociology and political ecology. Contributions are based on fresh empirical materials from different parts of the world. The collection's starting point has been four key questions in agrarian political economy: Who owns what? Who does what? Who gets what? And what do they do with the surplus wealth? It also addresses the emergent social and political relations in the biofuel complex, asking, 'How do people interact with each other'? And, given the impacts on natural resources and sustainability, it also engages with questions about people-environment interactions, asking for example, 'How do changes in politics get shaped by dynamic ecologies, and vice versa'? At the same time, the collection is concerned with the politics of representation, that is, what are the discursive frames through which biofuels are promoted and/or opposed? And what are the institutional structures, and cultures of energy consumption on which a biofuels complex depends, and what alternative political and ecological visions are emerging to call the biofuels complex into question? Across 16 articles presenting material from five regions across the North-South divide and focusing on 14 countries including Brazil, Indonesia, India, USA and Germany, these questions are addressed within the following themes: global (re)configurations; agro-ecological visions; conflicts, resistances and diverse outcomes; state, capital and society relations; mobilising opposition, creating alternatives; and change and continuity.

Table of Contents

The politics of biofuels, land and agrarian change: an introduction
Saturnino M Borras Jr., Philip McMichael and Ian Scoones

Agrofuels capitalism: a view from political economy
Ben White and Anirban Dasgupta

Agrofuels in the food regime
Philip McMichael

Forests, food, and fuel in the tropics: the uneven social and ecological consequences of the emerging political economy of biofuels
Peter Dauvergne and Kate Neville

Assumptions in the European Union biofuels policy: frictions with experiences in Germany, Brazil and Mozambique
Jennifer Franco, Les Levidow, David Fig, Lucia Goldfarb, Mireille Hönicke, and Maria Luisa Mendonça

Power is sweet: sugarcane in the global ethanol assemblage
Gail Hollander

Fields of Dreams: Negotiating an Ethanol Agenda in the Midwest United States
Sean Gillon

Biofuels in Brazil: Debates and Impacts
John Wilkinson and Selena Herrera

Biofuel, Dairy Production and Beef in Brazil: Competing Claims on Land Use in São Paulo State
Andre Novo, Kees Jansen, Maja Slingerland and Ken Giller

Agrofuel Politics in Brazil: Paradigmatic and Territorial Disputes
Bernardo Mançano Fernandes, Clifford Andrew Welch and Elienaí Constantino Gonçalves

Processes of inclusion and adverse incorporation: oil palm and agrarian change in Sumatra, Indonesia
John McCarthy

The Biofuel Connection – Transnational Activism and the Palm Oil Boom
Oliver Pye

The political ecology of Jatropha curcas plantations for biodiesel in Tamil Nadu, India
Pere Ariza-Montobbio, Sharachchandra Lele, Giorgos Kallis and Joan Martinez-Alier

Over the heads of local people: consultation, consent and recompense in large-scale land deals for biofuels projects in Africa
Sonja Vermeulen & Lorenzo Cotula

Big Sugar in southern Africa: rural development and the perverted potential of sugar/ethanol exports
Ben Richardson

The politics of Jatropha-based biofuels in Kenya: Convergence and divergence among NGOs, donors, government officials and farmers
Carol Hunsberger

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