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Mozambique: Water and Sanitation Profile
2008
US Agency for International Development (USAID)


Download full profile: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADO935.pdf

Sector overview

Mozambique has limited access to raw water supplies and receives roughly 50 percent of its surface water from upstream neighbors; approximately 75 percent of the population relies on groundwater sources. In addition, Mozambique is particularly vulnerable to cyclical natural disasters (e.g. floods and drought). Despite these vulnerabilities, Mozambique’s water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector has implemented policy and institutional reforms that have increased its capacity to provide urban WSS services, but rural areas lag far behind.

Reforms have improved water supply regulation, dependability, quality and the financial viability of many urban service providers; however, these have been largely dependent on outside donor funding. The issues to be addressed in the future include: the ability to mobilize funding through implementation capacity growth; instituting robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems; reducing dependence on outside funding sources by increasing cost recovery strategies; and balancing urban and rural sub-sector budget allocations and expenditures.

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