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Madagascar: Water and Sanitation Profile
2008
US Agency for International Development (USAID)


Download full profile: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADO933.pdf

Sector overview

Both water supply and electricity services in Madagascar are provided mainly through the combined utility, JIRAMA. Problems with JIRAMA ‘s ability to provide both services led to a program of utility and sector reform in the late 1990s through to the present. The reforms included a restructuring of JIRAMA to conform to commercial principles, promulgation of a new Water Law (1999), and all related by-laws (by 2005). A rate have gradually increased, although not to cost recovery levels, and in 2005 a Service Contract was put in place to address some of JIRAMA’s institutional weaknesses including financial management, investment planning, and operational strategies. Legislation passed to allow for a distinct regulatory agency, but regulatory functions are still practiced by the Ministry of Energy and Mining.

In 2005, the National Program for Safe Water Supply and Sanitation (PNAEPA) was adopted with the objective of meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) targets by 2015. The challenge for Madagascar now, is the synchronization of the national budget with medium-term WSS improvement program planning and significantly increasing sector capacity.

A Sanitation Policy was developed in 2006 and a WASH program was put in place in 2002. It is estimated that only about 20 percent of the population has access to piped sewerage or septic tanks – the remainder rely on on-site sanitation.

Despite the reform program underway, only 50 percent of the population has access to safe water in the JIRAMA-served areas and only 20 percent of the population has access nationwide.

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