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Resolution of the Abuja Food security summit
Summit on Food Security in Africa

Abuja, Nigeria
4 December 2006 - 7 December 2006
African Union (AU)


WE the Heads of State and Government of the African Union assembled in Abuja, Nigeria on the 7th day of December 2006,

GRATEFUL for H. E. the President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, and the Government and People of Nigeria, for initiating and hosting this Summit which has offered us an opportunity to renew our commitment to combating poverty and food and nutrition insecurity in Africa, and to direct our attention to a few key decisions that can best move us forward, with a view to eradicating hunger by 2030;

DETERMINED to ensure that the remaining conflicts on the continent are brought to a speedy end thereby creating the conditions for renewed economic growth in an environment of good governance;

RECALLING the decision to adopt the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) at the Maputo Summit in July 2003 as a framework for accelerating agricultural development and Food Security on the continent;

RECALLING the Sirte declaration of 2004 on the challenges of implementing integrated and sustainable development on agriculture and water in Africa;

RECALLING the Fertilizer Summit held in Abuja in 2006, which called for a Green Revolution in Africa;

RECALLING the declaration of the 1992 International Conference on Nutrition which stressed that hunger and malnutrition were unacceptable in the world, and being particularly concerned about the escalating level of malnutrition in Africa;

RECALLING Africa's commitment to the Millennium Development Goals and in particular to the goal of halving the proportion of the hungry in our respective countries and the continent by 2015;

NOTING the Vision 2020 Summit in Kampala, Uganda, on food security and nutrition in 2004;

PROMOTING focused action to implement selected critical commitments already made in the past, particularly the Maputo and Sirte Summits of 2003 and 2004;

ACKNOWLEDGING some successful experiences and performance of Agriculture on the continent that could be replicated in other Member States such as development of New Rice for Africa (NERICA) and renewed successes in cassava production;

APPRECIATING the central role that African women play in producing, processing and marketing food and committed to ensuring their fuller contribution to household food security by guaranteeing their access to productive resources, services and social/economic opportunities;

CONCERNED about the slow progress towards achieving the commitment made in Maputo in 2003 to increase resources for Agriculture and Rural Development to at least 10% of national budgets within 5 years;

DETERMINED to end the continent's annual expenditure of over USD 20 billion on Agricultural imports and the increasing reliance of Africa on food imports and aid in commodities that could be produced competitively on the continent; CONCERNED that agricultural products which dominate Africa's exports are poorly competitive due to the inadequate development of infrastructure and lack of adequate value addition;

DETERMINED to ensure that Africa increases its current 2-3 percent of global agricultural trade by increasing exports of selected commodities and grasping opportunities to add value to its exports;

CONCERNED by the growing threat to food security and agricultural production and productivity posed by HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases.

RECOGNIZING the efforts and progress being made by many African countries in agricultural growth and reducing food and nutrition insecurity;

FURTHER RECOGNIZING that our limited resources and institutional capacities demand that we be selective and prioritize those of our commitments which will enable our people in the shortest possible time to achieve sustainable progress in food and nutrition security with the ultimate objective of eradicating hunger by 2030.

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