The role of biotechnology in spurring agriculturalled economic transformation and sustainable development in Africa is subject to furious scientific debate and intense public controversy. African governments, therefore, face enormous uncertainty and pressure as they deliberate on national and regional policies, programmes, and regulations thai attempt to maximise the benefits and minimise the risks of biotechnological innovation and products. The FANRPAN Biosafety programme is a regional analytical effort to accompany government processes with proper assessment and accurate information. The project covers three pilot countries: Malawi, Mauritius and South Africa. FARNPAN is grateful for the financial support received from Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS), USAID and CTA.