Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

World Development Report 2008: Outline
Agriculture for Development
November 2006
The World Bank

Acknowledgements: FANRPAN acknowledges The World Bank as the source of this information:

Why focus on agriculture?

The world’s demand for food is expected to double within the next 50 years, while the natural resources that sustain agriculture will become increasingly scarce, degraded, and vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In many poor countries, agriculture accounts for at least 40 percent of GDP and 80 percent of employment. At the same time, about 70 percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most depend on agriculture for their livelihoods.

Virtually all countries face critical decisions about the best strategies for supporting agriculture and/or managing the massive transition of rural populations out of agriculture anticipated in the coming decades. In particular, there is a growing divergence between low-income countries, where agriculture remains a major source of growth and development, and rapidly developing countries, where the challenge for agriculture is to benefit from opportunities offered by growth in nonfarm incomes to limit widening rural-urban disparities and eventually preserve a competitive sector of family farmers.

What the report is likely to cover:

This report will examine several broad questions:

  • How has agriculture changed in developing countries in the past 20 years? What are the important new challenges and opportunities for agriculture?
  • Which new sources of agricultural growth can be captured cost effectively in particular in poor countries with large agricultural sectors as in Africa?
  • How can agricultural growth be made more effective for poverty reduction?
  • How can governments facilitate the transition of large populations out of agriculture, without simply transferring the burden of rural poverty to urban areas?
  • How can the natural resource endowment for agriculture be protected? How can agriculture’s negative environmental effects be contained?
The World Development Report 2008 is a collaborative effort of the World Bank’s Development Economics Vice Presidency and Sustainable Development Network.

The Report is expected to be published in September 2007.

Download the outline of the report: Download file WDR 2008 - outline (84Kb < 1min)

For more information on the World Development Report 2008, please visit The World Bank website.

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